Problem Oriented Policing
According to the U.S. Department of Justice, Problem Oriented Policing is the primary strategy of Community Oriented Policing. The community and police work together analyzing community problems and developing customized responses to them.
Problems are identified by the community as recurring incidents or concerns. Problems are addressed with a four step process known as the SARA Model.
- Scanning: Problems are identified.
- Analysis: Questions are asked to learn everything possible about the problem.
- Response: Based on careful analysis, a custom-made response to the problem is tried.
- Assessment: The response is evaluated to see if the problem was solved or reduced.
Examples of Problem Oriented Policing
In 1998, the City of Taylor purchased several hundred apartments units in the southwest section of the city in order to instill stricter management and rental guidelines. A mini police station was located in the area. While working with a new management company, the Police Department worked with on-site managers to do backgrounds on tenants and evict those engaging in criminal conduct on the property.