Downriver Regional DWI Court Program Handbook
Downriver Regional DWI Court Program
23365 Goddard Road
Taylor, MI 48180
Welcome to the Downriver Regional DWI Court Program (RDWI). The RDWI Court Program is a comprehensive treatment program for non-violent defendants where a team approach is used for supervision. The mission of this program is to address and reduce substance abuse problems among repeat offenders who are likely to otherwise continue a pattern of crime because of their addiction. The incentive for most defendants to enter the RDWI Court program is to avoid some or all of the jail time that would customarily be ordered, or reduce a felony offense to a misdemeanor upon successful completion of the program. In addition to avoiding jail time, participants will receive a great deal of support in obtaining and maintaining a drug and alcohol-free lifestyle.
Through a collaborated effort between the Judge, probation officer, treatment providers, and other members of the RDWI court team, we will be assisting you in achieving a clean and sober way of living. In addition, our goals for participants are to obtain basic life skills such as obtaining and maintaining employment, a valid driver’s license, and a high school diploma or GED.
As you enter this voluntary, intensively supervised treatment program, you will need to be motivated to work toward changing your lifestyle and becoming alcohol and drug free. Attendance is required at Court status hearings before the Judge twice per month along with frequent probation officer appointments. The RDWI program uses a combination of positive and negative reinforcement to change behavior. An open line of communication between you and all RDWI Court staff (Judge, probation officer, and therapist) is essential to your recovery and success in the program. You will need to be up-front and truthful with us at all times. If you run into difficulty during the program you need to discuss it with your probation officer whether it be related to your counseling, health problems, family problems, transportation, etc. We will work together to help eliminate obstacles that may arise.
This handbook is designed to answer questions, address concerns, and provide an overall description of the program.
- Wayne County resident with a case pending in 23rd, 24th, 25th or 28th District Courts
- Must be a repeat offender
- Must be a non-violent offender (present and past)
- Must be abusing alcohol or drugs and have the desire to stop
- Current offense must be alcohol and/or drug related
- Must reside in or be willing to relocate to clean and sober living-home environment must be free of alcohol/drugs and paraphernalia.
- Must not be currently prescribed any opiate (including Suboxone), benzodiazepine, soma, tramadol, medical marijuana or amphetamines. If you are currently prescribed one of the listed prescriptions, you must be willing to discontinue such medications with proof from your prescribing physician.
Generally the length of the program is 18 to 24 months. There is an initial Orientation Phase of 4 to 8 weeks which is used to determine if the program meets the needs of the participant and to assess whether the participant is able to comply. After the orientation phase, participants move through a total of three mandatory phases based on progress, compliance, and mandatory clean time. The following is a breakdown of each phase. Note, phase four is considered to be a maintenance phase for those who have quickly accomplished all of their goals set forth in the individual development plan. Many participants will move through three phases and then graduate without ever going into phase four.
PHASE I – Approximately 3 to 4 months – FOCUS ON TREATMENT
- Attend intensive treatment program as directed by probation
- Weekly random urine screens (between one and seven per week) May also be required to wear drug testing patch.
- Random breathalyzer tests (PBT), SCRAM alcohol monitor or daily if directed
- Appointments with probation officer weekly or bi-weekly
- Attend RDWI Court status hearing with Judge twice per month
- Attend Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)/Narcotics Anonymous (NA) or similar organization such as Smart Recovery or Celebrate Recovery, as directed – minimum of three meetings per week
- Obtain AA or NA sponsor with verification within 30 to 60 days and work the 12 step program
- Must be actively seeking employment with proof
- Payment of fines/cost payments to court and co-pays to treatment agency
- Must have 90 days clean time to move to Phase II
- Work with probation officer on individual development plan outlining steps to take during phase II. Development plan includes relapse prevention & recovery plans with therapist.
- Attend the MADD VIP, if ordered.
- Wear GPS tether if deemed warranted, attend daily court watching, daily activity log, complete 20 hours community service per week if not employed.
PHASE II – Approximately 6 to 9 months
- Continue the treatment plan as directed by provider and probation officer
- Weekly urine screens and/or PBT’s as directed (between one and seven per week)
- Appointments with a probation officer as directed
- Attend RDWI status hearing with Judge twice per month
- Attend AA/NA as directed – a minimum of three meetings per week
- Community Service if ordered
- Must obtain employment
- Continued compliance with the payment schedule
- Work toward valid driver’s license (set up driver responsibility payments, etc.)
- Must have 90 days clean time to move to Phase III
- Completion of all steps as outlined in the development plan for phase II
- Work with a probation officer on development plan outlining steps to take during phase III.
- Transition to Phase III based on team recommendation and clean time
PHASE III – Approximately 6 to 12 months
- Appointments with probation officer once per month
- Attend RDWI Court status hearing with Judge once per month
- Continue counseling as directed
- Attend AA/NA as directed
- Urine screens / PBT’s random
- Payment in full due (at least) 60 days prior to graduation
- Maintain full-time employment or attend schooling toward GED/diploma, etc.
- Obtain valid driver’s license if eligible
- Get involved with some type of community service activity as a way of "giving back" by donating time.
- Completion of all steps as outlined in the development plan for phase III
- Graduation upon all terms being met, a minimum 90 days clean, and team determination
Maintenance period for participants who have completed all steps in their development plan and have extended clean time. Requirements during this phase are significantly reduced as deemed appropriate by drug court team.
COST OF DRUG COURT
- Payment of fines and costs to the court as directed
- Drug tests: $12.00 per screen
- Hair testing: Up to $150.00.
- Positive lab test results are the responsibility of each participant at a cost of $25.00 per positive result
- Counseling costs will be based on your income and/or insurance coverage if applicable.
- All program violations: $25.00 show cause fee on each case
- No-show/no-call for scheduled probation appointment: $25.00 cost
RDWI participants will have a substance abuse assessment before entering the RDWI Program. The assessment is used to determine the required level of treatment. You may be required to enter inpatient/residential treatment, if deemed eligible. If you are assessed as needing outpatient or intensive outpatient treatment, you will be required to attend treatment at Community Care Services which is located on Eureka Road in Taylor. The court communicates with your counselor regularly to discuss progress and attendance. Missed counseling appointments are considered a violation and will be dealt with immediately in RDWI Court. Your treatment plan may be altered by the RDWI program to better suit your needs. Treatment usually starts out intensive and becomes less intense as you move through the program. Group therapy and relapse prevention groups are required components that you will attend. You may undergo psychiatric evaluation if this is deemed appropriate by your counselor and/or the drug court team. The average length of treatment varies for each individual, but is typically a minimum of one year. If you do not believe you need treatment, you do not belong in the RDWI program.
During Phases I and II, participants are required to attend status hearings before the Judge twice per month as directed by your probation officer. These are reduced to once per month during Phase III. Prior to the hearing date, the Judge reviews your case progress with treatment, AA, etc. and will determine what rewards, sanctions, or adjustments may be appropriate. You are encouraged to ask the Judge questions and voice concerns that you may have about your treatment program. Failure to report for a status hearing will result in a sanction and bench warrant being issued.
During Phase I, participants report to their probation officer weekly or bi-weekly. During Phase II, you report twice per month, on the weeks opposite of status hearings with the Judge. Your probation officer will personally give you advance written notice of your scheduled appointments. There are evening and early morning appointments available to ensure you do not miss work or school. It is crucial to report on the scheduled date and time. When participants move into Phase III, reports to their probation officer are reduced to once per month.
When reporting for probation, you should come prepared with AA / NA verification along with any other information requested by your probation officer. You need to inform your probation officer of any changes in your address, employment, school, etc. at your appointment. If you need to change your appointment date or time you should call your probation officer directly. Failure to call or show for your appointment results in a $25.00 cost, in addition to a sanction.
There is a designated officer on our team who conducts random home visits. The purpose of the officer’s visit is to verify residence, give a breathalyzer test to participant and ensure the living environment is clear of alcohol/drugs, drug paraphernalia and illegal activity. If you are not home, your family member, spouse, partner or roommate must admit the officer into the home. If you or any resident of the home refuses entrance to the Law Enforcement Officer, you will be subjected to a violation of probation.
BREATHALYZER (PBT) TESTING
Participants may be required to submit to daily breathalyzers (PBTs) once or twice per day. You may also be required to wear a SCRAM alcohol tether or submit to ETGs. PBTs are done through the Taylor Police Department and the court security staff – you will be instructed by your probation officer on the procedure. All PBTS must be done by 9:00 am All participants are prohibited from consuming alcohol under any circumstance and will be tested for alcohol on a random basis throughout the entire program.
Various types of drug tests are used including urine, saliva, and hair follicle. K2/Spice, ketamines, inhalants, bath salts and any "club drugs" will be tested for. You must also refrain from foods containing poppy seeds. In order to participate in the RDWI program, you must be able to provide a urine sample on a random basis. There are no exceptions. All urine screens will be observed. We utilize a color-coded drug testing system which you will be instructed on, in detail, by your probation officer. Participants must report when directed and follow all instructions such as taking picture I.D. and a list of prescription medications with telephone number of corresponding physician.
Failing to report for a drug screen within the specified time period will be considered a positive test result. Participants must limit their intake of fluids to no more than two 8 oz glasses of fluids within 2 hours of testing. Any attempts to dilute your urine with fluids (water-loading) or other products will be detected and treated as a positive result. Such attempts will be dealt with more severely than a positive result.
Temporary medical conditions which prevent a participant from producing urine during a drug screen may result in a blood test being conducted instead. All participants must follow guidelines set forth by the designated drug screening agency, ADAPT.
Specimens are randomly sent to the lab for more sensitive testing measures. If the court orders a random lab, the cost of that test remains $12.00 to the participant. In the event a lab result comes back positive or dilute, the full cost ($25) becomes participant responsibility.
If you test positive and have not used you have the right to request the specimen be sent to the lab for confirmation. This confirmation test will cost $25.00 and is your responsibility.
RDWI participants may NOT take any prescription pain or narcotic medication without first notifying their probation officer and submitting a valid prescription. The RDWI program does not allow for the use of medical marijuana, amphetamines (such as Adderal), soma, tramadol, benzodiazepines (such as Xanax, Klonopin), or opiates (such as Vicodin, Suboxone). This is not a complete list of prohibited medications-you must advise your probation officer of ANY prescribed medications. Any positive result on a drug screen will be a violation unless a valid prescription is submitted to the drug screen agency along with probation officer approval. Some over-the-counter medications will produce a positive test result so you must inform your probation officer of what you will be taking. Do not take over-the-counter cough syrup containing alcohol under any circumstance. If situations arise on weekends you must immediately leave a voice message at your probation officer’s number. Do not wait until Monday to call.
You are required to notify any physician that is treating you that you are an alcoholic and/or drug addict. Failure to do so will result in a violation of probation and sanction(s).
OVER THE COUNTER MEDICATIONS AND DRUG TESTING:
Because certain over-the-counter medications can produce a positive result on drug tests we have established the following policy:
- If you are sick and about to take any over-the-counter medications you need to notify your Probation Officer immediately (leave a voice mail if it’s after hours) stating exactly what you are going to take.
- You must bring the medication to your drug test and show the collector.
- A reminder that you are required to report any prescription medications before taking them.
EMPLOYMENT and/or EDUCATION
One of the primary goals of the RDWI program is that participants obtain/maintain full-time employment. Participants without a high school diploma are required to pursue a diploma or GED as well. We are able to assist participants in job seeking by referring to the proper agencies for education, training, and job placement. All employment and schooling will routinely be verified by your probation officer. It is recommended that you notify your employer of RDWI Court participation and required court dates, etc.
You may be terminated from the program for a variety of reasons including:
- You petition the court for voluntary termination
- You exhibit violent behavior or threats of violent behavior toward self or others
- You display inappropriate, disruptive or non-compliant behavior
- You refuse to participate in program requirements
- You are charged with another criminal offense (case by case determination)
- Repeated violation of program rules
- Entering locations that primarily serve or sale alcohol
- Falsification of AA signatures
- Surrounding yourself with others who are using or possessing alcohol or illegal drugs
AA – NA – 12 STEP SUPPORT GROUPS
It is our belief that attendance at 12-step support groups, such as AA or NA, is crucial to staying clean and sober. Therefore, it is a mandatory component to this program. Participants will be attending between three and seven meetings per week. Verification of attendance is required and will be reviewed by your probation officer and the Judge. Fraudulent signatures will result in immediate incarceration. If a signature is not accompanied by a phone number, it is considered invalid. Obtaining an AA/NA sponsor is an important method of ongoing support and is REQUIRED in the RDWI program. You will be required to obtain a sponsor within 30 to 60 days and must thoroughly work each of the 12 Steps with your sponsor. If you change sponsors during the program, it is your responsibility to inform your Probation Officer. Your probation officer will talk with you about sponsorship and can provide direction in this area.
Any time a participant fails to show up for a probation appointment; a counseling session; an AA meeting; RDWI Court; community service, or any other scheduled appointment, it is assumed that the participant is using again. If you run into a situation with a scheduled date, you are expected to call your probation officer immediately.
When violations occur in the program sanctions are imposed. Your probation officer will discuss the violation with you and explain the recommended sanction(s). You will be informed of the violation and the Judge will go over your rights. Sanctions are imposed at RDWI Court Status Hearings by the Judge. There will be a $25 show cause fee assessed to you for each violation. If the proposed sanction against you is jail time, you will have the opportunity to speak with an attorney if you so choose. You may request to speak with an attorney at any hearing where sanctions are involved.
We follow a graduated sanction outline which clearly states what the consequence will be for specific violations throughout the program. The following is a brief overview of possible sanctions.
- Reprimand from Judge
- Community Service days
- Jail time
- Increased reporting to probation officer and/or Judge
- Increased treatment and/or AA
- Re-start of current phase
- Written essays
- Court observation
- Other sanctions deemed appropriate by RDWI Court
ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS AS DEEMED NECESSARY
As the RDWI Court team gets to know you better, the Judge may order that you attend additional classes or programs of an educational and/or therapeutic nature if he feels you will benefit. We are here to assist you in a new way of living and certain programs will help you more than other programs may.
The expected length of the RDWI Court Program is 18 to 24 months. Graduation occurs after successful completion of the program which includes a minimum of 90 days clean time immediately prior to graduation. Each potential graduate must meet the following criteria:
- Clean and sober
- Possess valid driver’s license, if eligible
- Possess High School diploma or G.E.D.
- Employed full-time (or in school)
- Successful completion of all probation terms
Important telephone numbers:
Steve DeSmet, RDWI Coordinator/Probation Officer: (734) 374-2747
Amy Maudlin, RDWI Clerk/Case Manager: (734) 374-1326
Deanna Warunek, Court Administrator/Director of Probation: (734) 374-1338
Probation Fax Number: FAX: (734) 374-2756
Community Care Services, Taylor (Pam Stolz/Lynn Turk): 734-955-3550
Alcoholics Anonymous (248) 541-6565
Narcotics Anonymous (248) 543-7200